Rule ID: content-artifact
Ruleset: axe-pdf 2.0
User Impact: Critical
Guidelines: WCAG 2.1 (A), WCAG 2.0 (A), PDF/UA

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Compliance Data & Impact

User Impact


Disabilities Affected

  • Blind
  • Deafblind
  • Mobility


  • WCAG 2.1 (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (A)
  • PDF/UA

WCAG Success Criteria [WCAG 2.1 (A)]

  • 1.1.1: MUST: Non-text Content

WCAG Success Criteria [WCAG 2.0 (A)]

  • 1.1.1: MUST: Non-text Content

    How to Fix the Problem

    In Adobe Acrobat Pro:

    1. Open the TouchUp Reading Order tool by selecting Tools > Accessibility > Reading Order.
    2. Select the content you wish to artifact by clicking and dragging a box around it.
    3. Click the Background/Artifact button.

    Why it Matters

    Decorative content needs to be programmatically determined as such in order for screen readers to ignore the content. This is done by marking the content as an artifact.

    Rule Description

    In PDF, artifacts are generally graphics objects or other markings that are not part of the authored content. Examples of artifacts include page header or footer information, lines or other graphics separating sections of the page, or decorative images. (Source: Technique PDF4)

    The Algorithm (in simple terms)

    Mark all decorative content as an artifact.


    Other Resources

    You may also want to check out these other resources.

    Refer to the complete list of axe 2.0 rules.

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