Artifact elements must not be present inside real content

Rule ID: artifact-inside-content
Ruleset: axe-pdf 2.0
User Impact: Critical
Guidelines: WCAG 2.1 (A), WCAG 2.0 (A), PDF/UA

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Compliance Data & Impact

User Impact


Disabilities Affected

  • Blind
  • Deafblind
  • Mobility


  • WCAG 2.1 (A)
  • WCAG 2.0 (A)
  • PDF/UA

WCAG Success Criteria [WCAG 2.1 (A)]

  • 1.1.1: MUST: Non-text Content

WCAG Success Criteria [WCAG 2.0 (A)]

  • 1.1.1: MUST: Non-text Content

    How to Fix the Problem

    In Adobe Acrobat Pro:

    1. Open the Content pane.
    2. Open each Page container and ensure any content that has been artifacted is not nested inside tagged content.

    Why it Matters

    Artifacted content is intended to be ignored by screen readers and therefore should not be nested inside real content.

    Rule Description

    Content that has been marked as an artifact should not be present inside tagged content.

    The Algorithm (in simple terms)

    Do not nest artifacted content within real content.


    Refer to the complete list of axe 2.0 rules.

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