ARIA toggle fields have an accessible name

Rule ID: aria-toggle-field-name
Ruleset: axe-core 3.5
User Impact: Serious
WCAG: 4.1.2

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Compliance Data & Impact

User Impact

Serious
Minor
Critical

Disabilities Affected

  • Blind
  • Deafblind
  • Mobility

Requirement(s)

  • Not specified, or not applicable

WCAG Success Criteria

  • 4.1.2 Name, Role, Value

Section 508 Guidelines

  • Not specified, or not applicable

How to Fix the Problem

Correct markup solutions

The aria-toggle-field-name contains five markup patterns that pass testing criteria:

<!-- checkbox -->
<div id="pass1" role="checkbox">Newspaper</div>
 
<!-- menuitemcheckbox -->
<ul role="menu">
    <li id="pass2"
        role="menuitemcheckbox"
        aria-label="Word wrap"
        aria-checked="true"></li>
</ul>
 
<!-- menuitemradio -->
<p id="pass3Label">Sans-serif</p>
<ul role="menu">
    <li id="pass3"
        role="menuitemradio"
        aria-labelledby="pass3Label"
        aria-checked="true"></li>
</ul>
 
<!-- radio -->
<div role="radiogroup">
    <div id="pass4"
        role="radio"
        aria-checked="false"
        tabindex="0"
        title="Regular Crust"></div>
</div>
 
<!-- switch -->
<div id="pass5"
    role="switch"
    aria-checked="true"
    aria-label="Toggle blue light:">
    <span>off</span>
    <span>on</span>
</div>

Incorrect markup solutions

The aria-toggle-field-label contains five markup patterns that fail testing criteria:

<!-- checkbox -->
<div id="fail1" role="checkbox" aria-labelledby="does-not-exist"></div>
 
<!-- menuitemcheckbox -->
<ul role="menu">
	<li id="fail2" role="menuitemcheckbox" aria-checked="true"></li>
</ul>
 
#3 <!-- menuitemradio -->
<ul role="menu">
	<li id="fail3" role="menuitemradio" aria-checked="true"></li>
</ul>
 
#4 <!-- radio -->
<div role="radiogroup">
	<div id="fail4" role="radio" aria-checked="false" tabindex="0"></div>
</div>
 
#5 <!-- switch -->
<div id="fail5" role="switch" aria-checked="true">
	<span></span>
	<span></span>
</div>

Why it Matters

Ensures every element with a semantic role also has an accessible name. Semantic roles include:

  • checkbox
  • menu
  • menuitemcheckbox
  • menuitemradio
  • radio
  • radiogroup
  • switch

Rule Description

Ensures every ARIA toggle field has an accessible name.

The Algorithm (in simple terms)

ARIA toggle fields have an accessible name.

Resources

Refer to the complete list of axe 3.5 rules.

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