Documents must have title element to aid in navigation

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Rule Description

The HTML document must have a <title> element to provide users with an overview of its content, and when present, it must not be empty.

The Algorithm, in Simple Terms

Ensures that each HTML document contains a <title>

Why this is Important

Screen reader users use page titles to get an overview of the contents of the page. Navigating through pages can quickly become difficult and confusing for screen reader users if the pages are not marked with a title. The page <title> element is the first thing screen reader users hear when first loading a web page.

How to Fix the Problem

Add an informative title to the document using the <title> element with meaningful text.

Compliance Data & User Impact

User Impact: Serious
Disabilities Affected:
  • Blindness
  • Deafblindness
  • Mobility/Dexterity
Issue Type:
  • WCAG 2.0 (A): MUST
  • WCAG 2.1 (A): MUST
WCAG Success Criteria:
  • 2.4.2 Page Titled
Section 508 Guidelines:
  • Not applicable

Related Deque University Course Pages

Other Related Resources

Additional Information

Relevant Technologies:
  • HTML 4
  • HTML5
Test Reliability: Automated testing is possible, with high accuracy
Rule ID: document-title